Pharmacy is one of the branches of the medical science that deals with the production, dispensation, safe and efficient use, and distribution of medical drugs and other pharmaceutical products. It is one of the major branches of pharmacology and has a high professional responsibility as well as a wide scope of influence in the field of drug development and distribution.
Pharmacy encompasses a large part of the pharmaceutical industries and is responsible for the safety and effectiveness of all medicines in the market. There are several types of pharmacies such as general pharmacists, specialists, pharmacy technicians, pharmacists, and Pharma technologists who are involved in the maintenance of pharmaceuticals in the medical facilities of hospitals, clinics, and institutions and are engaged in providing safe and reliable medicinal supplies. In addition to this, there are also many small businesses in the field of pharmacy which deal in the retail selling of drugs to their customers.
As the number of pharmaceutical companies grows, there are more challenges involved in managing the flow of medicines and the quality of the goods produced by them. This is why there are various regulatory organizations that govern the pharmaceuticals industry, especially those related to pharmaceuticals manufacturing and distribution. These regulatory organizations include the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
The regulatory agencies help the medical professionals to carry out their duties and ensure that the products produced by the pharmaceutical companies are safe, effective, reliable and cost effective. There are different aspects that need to be considered by a pharmaceutical company to comply with their regulatory requirements. They include registration, manufacturing license, clinical trials and quality assurance, record keeping, packaging, labeling requirements, and quality assurance.
Pharmaceutical companies have different processes of manufacturing a pharmaceutical product such as formulation, processing, design, development, manufacture, packaging, labeling and distribution. The process involves a lot of steps including research, development, manufacturing, and quality assurance. Thus, these steps are very expensive, take time, and involve a large number of steps. The pharmaceutical companies are required to provide quality assurance to the users and should meet their customer’s demand for safe and effective pharmaceuticals.
There are many different areas of pharmacology which include pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenetics, pharmacometrics, pharmacogenomics, and pharmacokinetics, pharmaco physiology, and clinical pharmacology. There is an increasing need for new drugs that are capable of treating and preventing diseases in the medical field and thereby enabling the patients to regain their normal and healthy condition.