Cardiology Basics

Cardiology is an important branch of medicine which deals mainly with the diseases of the heart and some peripheral parts of the vascular system. The field comprises several specialties, including cardiovascular diagnosis and management, diagnosis of valvular heart diseases, congenital heart diseases, coronary artery disease and echocardiography.

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the United States. They account for more than 90% of deaths related to cardiovascular disease. These include heart attack, cerebrovascular accidents, arrhythmias, heart failure and cardiac arrest. These diseases can be either primary or secondary.

Cardiology also deals with the treatment of various cardiac conditions. Some of these conditions include hypertrophy of left ventricular outflow tract (which is known as LVOT), and endocardial infarction.

Cardiovascular diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Some of these conditions include atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, peripheral arterial disease, and coronary heart disease. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of disability and death in the United States. In fact, many Americans who suffer from cardiac disease die prematurely. Cardiac conditions can affect a patient at any point in his or her life.

The causes of death can vary widely from one person to another. Most of these deaths have been attributed to cardiovascular diseases and may be prevented by the provision of appropriate cardiology services.

Heart conditions are also often hereditary. For this reason, if you have any of these conditions, it is essential for you to go for a thorough checkup by your family physician to confirm if there are any underlying medical issues that may be contributing to your current condition.

If you or someone close to you suffers from cardiovascular diseases, then cardiology is the path to take. It has become imperative for you to go through an extensive evaluation by a cardiologist to rule out any structural problems. These problems include heart valve disorders, which may result in heart blockage or even pericarditis. You must undergo a full physical examination by the cardiologist in order to confirm whether the problem is actually structural or genetic. There may be instances where the disorder is caused by structural or genetic issues but not genetic.

As mentioned earlier, heart attacks may also be caused by structural or genetic issues, but if it is caused by a congenital heart disease, then it is crucial for you to go for a thorough checkup by your family doctor. This is because it is almost impossible to treat or cure congenital heart diseases once they are diagnosed. The best treatment option is usually surgical treatment, though non-surgical treatment can also be effective.

Heart attacks are also very dangerous and should be treated immediately. One of the common symptoms of heart attacks is chest pain, which can occur as either continuous or intermittent. If the chest pain persists for a long time, then you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.

If you do not go for a proper diagnosis, then you might end up getting no treatment options at all because most people do not understand that cardiac diseases require prompt care. Most patients do not even visit the doctor for a cardiac checkup, unless something serious happens.